Birthstones are gems that are associated with a birth month, each stone has a unique meaning and significance. Like horoscope signs, when you ask someone “what is your birthstone?” they almost always know the answer
Birthstone for January
2nd Anniversary of marriage.
Mohs scale Hardness ranges from 6.5 to 7.5
The name “garnet” comes from the Latin “Garanatus,” meaning “seedlike,” in reference to a pomegranate. The garnet has been a popular gem throughout history. Garnets were found as beads in a necklace worn by a young man in a grave that dates back to 3000 B.C. This is proof of the hardness and durability of the stone. Legend says garnets light up the night and protect their owners from nightmares. Garnets have long been carried by travellers to protect against accidents far from home. This gem is available in a rainbow of colours, from the deep red Bohemian garnet to the vibrant greens of the Russian Demantoid and African Tsavorite
Birthstone for February
3d Anniversary of marriage.
Mohs scale Hardness is 7
Amethyst has been associated with many myths and legends as well as religions in numerous cultures. One of the most well-known of those protections involves amethyst’s purported power to prevent drunkenness. A myth about Bacchus, the Roman god of wine, has promoted this belief. Long ago, a beautiful maiden was on her way to worship at the Temple of Diana. However, she had the misfortune of crossing paths with the god of wine, Bacchus. Angered since he’d just suffered some slight, he’d vowed to take revenge on the next person he met. He spied the maid and unleashed his two guardian tigers upon her. As the great beasts bounded towards the hapless lass, the goddess Diana intervened. To spare her such a terrible fate, she turned her into a pure, clear stone. Immediately, remorse seized Bacchus. To atone for his actions, he poured his wine over the stone, staining the crystal a deep, violet hue. And so, the maiden Amethyst lent her name to the crystal.
Not only is this gem known for its beautiful colour, but it is also widely available in different shapes and sizes — which makes it more affordable. Amethyst complements both warm and cool colours, helping it look fabulous set in both yellow and white metals. This unique ability enhances almost every colour in your wardrobe.
Birthstone for March
2nd anniversary of marriage.
Mohs scale Hardness ranges from 7.5 to 8.0
The name Aquamarine immediately brings to mind a stunning pastel sky blue or the bright colour of the sea. For centuries, this timeless gemstone has been a symbol of youth, hope, health and fidelity. Since this gemstone is the colour of water and the sky, it is said to embody eternal life. It was long thought that Aquamarine has a soothing influence on married couples, making it a great anniversary gift.
Aquamarines are found in a range of blues, from a pale pastel to a greenish-blue to a deep colour. Darker shades of blue are increasingly rare and make the value increase. Aquamarine is frequently a pastel gemstone. While the colour can be more intense in larger gemstones, smaller aquamarines tend to be less vivid.
Birthstone for April
60th Anniversary of marriage.
Mohs scale Hardness is 10.0
“Diamond” comes from the Greek “adamao”: “I tame” or “I subdue.” The adjective “adamas” was used to describe the hardest substance known, and eventually became synonymous with diamond.
The earliest diamonds were found in India in 4th century BC, although the youngest of these deposits were formed 900 million years ago. A majority of these early stones were transported along the network of trade routes that connected India and China, commonly known as the Silk Road. Diamonds are hardest gemstone (they’re even used in drill bits!), and will weather a lot of wear and tear. Diamonds have a way of expressing the things we sometimes struggle to say. There are few greater ways to let someone know how much they mean to you than with a brilliant, breathtaking diamond.
Birthstone for May
55th Anniversary of marriage.
Mohs scale Hardness ranges from 7.5 to 8.0
Green is the colour of spring and has long symbolized love and rebirth. As the gem of Venus, it is also considered to aid in fertility. Cleopatra, Egypt’s tempestuous female monarch, was as famous for wearing Emeralds as Liz Taylor is for wearing diamonds. Ancient Egyptian mummies were often buried wearing an Emerald carved with the symbol of verdure – flourishing greenness – on their necks to symbolize eternal youth. A deeper and more vivid colour of green signifies a more valuable gemstone. The most valuable and beautiful Emeralds exhibit an intense bluish hue in addition to their bold green colour. Emeralds, among the rarest of gems, are almost always found with birthmarks, also known as inclusions. Some inclusions are expected and do not detract from the value of the stone as much as with other gemstones. Deposits of this green variety of beryl have been found in India, Russia, Zimbabwe, Africa, Egypt, Austria, Brazil and Columbia.
Colombian Emerald is one of the most valued gemstones on the market, possibly because they are reputed to be high quality stones.
PEARL OR ALEXANDRITE
Birthstone for June
30th Anniversary of marriage.
Pearl Mohs scale Hardness ranges is ranked 2.5
Alexandrite Mohs scale Hardness ranges is ranked 8.5
Throughout human history, mankind has admired and worshippedpearls. Persian mythology referred to pearls as the “tears of the gods,” while ancient Chinese legend claimed the moon held the power to create pearls, instilling them with its celestial glow and mystery.
Pearls are unique because they are the only gemstone formed within a living creature. Since natural pearls are rare and difficult to recover from the ocean’s depths, man invented the technique of culturing salt and freshwater pearls from molluscs carefully seeded with irritants similar to those produced by nature.
Cultured pearls come in many beautiful colours, ranging from pale cream and white to rose, lilac, green, gold, grey and black. There are four main types of cultured pearls — Akoya, South Sea, Tahitian and Freshwater — each with unique qualities that separates it from the others.
Today, pearls are both classic and contemporary; a strand of white pearls can be timeless but a bracelet of chocolate pearls is more modern. No matter the colour or size, pearls can be worn every day or can complement the most formal attire.
If you love magic, you’ll love Alexandrite, also known as “the colour-change gem.” In daylight, it is a cool, bluish and mossy green. In lamplight, it is a red gem with a warm raspberry tone. You can see it change colour by switching from fluorescent to incandescent light. The value of the gemstone increases as the colour change becomes more distinct.
It is truly spellbinding to see the spectacular changing colours in this wonderful gemstone. You might even feel some of the mysterious magic and lore ascribed to it. It’s said to strengthen intuition, aid in creativity and inspire the imagination.
This gem is exceptionally rare and valuable. Originally discovered in Russia’s Ural Mountains in the 1830s, it can now be found in Sri Lanka, East Africa and Brazil.
Birthstone for July
40th Anniversary of marriage.
Mohs scale Hardness ranges from 8.5 to 9.0
In the ancient language of Sanskrit, Ruby is called Ratnarai or “King of precious stones”
The Ruby represents love, passion, courage and emotion. For centuries, this gem has been considered the king of all gems. It was believed that wearing a fine red Ruby bestowed good fortune upon its owner. Rubies have been the prized possession of emperors and kings throughout the ages, and to this day remain the most valued gemstone.
A Ruby’s colour is its most important feature. Rubies are available in a range of hues from purplish and bluish red to orange-red. The brightest and most valuable colour of Ruby is often “a Burmese Ruby” — a rich, passionate, hot, full red colour with a slight blue hue. This colour is often referred to as “pigeon blood” red, a Ruby colour only associated with the Mogok Valley mines in Myanmar. The colour Pigeon Blood Ruby red is not associated with the colour of a pigeon’s blood but rather the colour of a white pigeon’s eye.
Ruby gemstones are effective psychic protection stones, and are excellent assets to help you to defend yourself against psychic attack from negative entities.
They are powerful healing crystals for you to use as their vibration acts as a barrier against those who want to steal your energy.
Birthstone for August
16th Anniversary of marriage.
Mohs scale Hardness ranges from 6.5 to 7.0
Peridot is a vibrant olive-green stone pronounced Pair-Ee-Doe, derived from the French meaning “Gold”. Some of the earliest records of this stone come from the Bible. One of the stones in the breastplate of the High Priest in Jerusalem, was a stone known as chrysolite, which is believed to have been this lovely green gemstone.
Early records relating Peridot come from the Roman historian Pliny, who wrote about it in about 50 ad. He said that Peridot had already been mined in Egypt for thousands of years.
Peridot gemstones have been found in a large number of locations, including Brazil, Pakistan, Australia, Ireland, Russia, Sri Lanka, USA and Egypt.
Peridot is rich with healing energies and spiritual connotations. These make it highly prized and very collectible to anyone looking to bring peace and harmony to their lives.
Peridot can help to boost the confidence of those wearing it, as well as attracting luck, love and wealth besides.
Birthstone for September
2nd anniversary of marriage.
Mohs scale Hardness ranges from 8.5 to 9.0
Sapphires have been admired by people since 800BC. The name sapphire is derived from the Latin word “saphirus” and the Greek word “sapheiros,” both meaning blue. Some believe that the name sapphire is derived from its association with the planet Saturn. The name can be roughly be translated to mean “dear to the planet Saturn” in many different languages.
So most-commonly sapphires are associated with a rich blue hue, but they actually come in a host of colours, from yellow and pink to peach, purple or green – white sapphires are also a more-affordable but equally precious diamond substitute. At 9 on the Mohs scale, sapphires are as hardy as rubies, making them a perfect option for a ring that’s all about everlasting love.
The Museum of Natural History in New York is home to the one of the most notorious sapphires in the world, the “Star of India,” a sapphire of 563 carats! The sapphire has for a long time, been identified with chastity, piety, and repentance. It brings wisdom and truth, increases perception and the understanding of justice. It helps find peace of mind and serenity and promotes a life of sincerity. Sapphires also are associated with romantic love, representing fidelity and romantic devotion. It also used for a quest to increase one’s faith, hope and joy and to keep thoughts pure and heavenly.
Kings wore sapphires around their necks as a powerful defence from harm. And in modern times, the sapphire grew notorious when we saw Prince Charles give a sapphire engagement ring to Lady Diana.
OPAL & TOURMALINE
Birthstone for October
Opal is 24th Anniversary of marriage.
Tourmaline is 38th Anniversary of marriage
Opal Mohs scale Hardness ranges from 5.5 to 6.5
Tourmaline Mohs scale Hardness ranges from 7.0 to 7.5
In ancient times, the Opal was known as the queen of gems because it encompassed the colours of all other gems. Each Opal is truly one-of-a-kind, as unique as our fingerprints. Some prefer the calming flashes of blues and greens; others love the bright reds and yellows. As you turn and move the Opal, the colour plays and shifts, giving you a gem that can be worn with a plethora of ensembles. Australia’s Lightning Ridge is known for its rare and stunning black Opals.
Opal has always been associated with love and passion, desire and eroticism. It is a seductive stone that intensifies emotional states and releases inhibitions. Opal can act as an emotional stabiliser, but the stone may scatter energy and the user needs to be well centred before using opal to explore or induce feelings, or to have other stones standing by to help integration. Opal shows you what your emotional state has been in the past and teaches you how to take responsibility for how you are feeling now. It encourages you to send out positive emotions. Wearing opal is said to bring loyalty, faithfulness and spontaneity to you but it may also increase fickleness if the person is inclined that way in the first place. Opals are used to send healing to the earth’s energy field, repairing depletions and re-energising and stabilising the grid.
The alternative gemstone gift is the Tourmaline. Tourmalines were known in ancient times in the Mediterranean. A likeness of Alexander the Great carved in India around the 200 to 300 B.C. confirms this.
There is a legend told about the tourmaline. Once upon a time there lived a hideous evil spirit, who being himself so ugly, was thrown into a terrible rage on seeing anything beautiful. One day while sitting on the edge of the cave in which he lived, he saw a rainbow in the sky above him, and on seeing its varied and beautiful colours, his anger knew no bounds. By the use of an evil spell he captured the many-hued rainbow and carried it into the fissure, where it remained unto this day, and prospectors finding pieces of the broken rainbow, crushed by this evil spirit in his fury, named them tourmaline.
This stone symbolises love and friendship, it is said to remove negativity, fear and nervousness, and increase strength of body and mind.
Available in a spectrum of colours and colour combinations, Tourmaline lives up to its name, which means “mixed stone.” With a rainbow of colours, Tourmaline can easily enhance any jewellery collection. Cranberry red, hot magenta, bubblegum pink, peach and orange, canary yellow, mint, grass and forest green, ocean blue, violet… Tourmaline is all of these and more.
Tourmaline is also known for its ability to display several colours in one gemstone. These bi-colour or tri-colour gems are formed in many combinations and are highly prized. One multi-colour variety is known as Watermelon Tourmaline and features green, pink and white colour bands
Birthstone for November
13th Anniversary of marriage.
Mohs scale Hardness rates a 7.0
The word “citrine” comes from the Greek word meaning citron, as many of the earliest crystals found had a colour similar to the citrus fruit of that name, Citrine is a yellow quartz that has been associated for centuries as possessing the healing properties of the sun, but it can also be greenish-yellow, brownish-yellow, or orange.
In ancient times, citrine was worn as protection against snake venom and evil thoughts.
Citrine has been called the ‘Merchants Stone’ as it has the power to increase business and profits, helping not only to acquire wealth but to keep hold of it.
As its colour might suggest, citrine carries the power of the sun, giving life and energy, warmth and pleasure
Citrine is one of the most affordable gemstones.
Birthstone for December
6th Anniversary of marriage.
Mohs scale Hardness ranges from 5.0 to 6.0
French for the word ‘Turkish,’ the Turquoise crystal meaning became well known across the continents, thanks to the ancient trades routes of the Silk Road, which brought this valuable stone from Turkey to Western Europe. Turquoise quickly became the toast of Europe, making its way into royal lineage that can be traced back to Marie-Louise and her royal tiara, a wedding gift from her husband Napoleon I.
In terms of value, colour, evenness and saturation are the primary considerations.
Generally, darker shades and less green tint in blue colours add more value to turquoises.
Turquoise is a real gem bargain. Even the very highest grades of material are modestly priced compared to many other gems.