To maintain the beauty and sparkle of your precious and semi-precious stones you have to treat them with care. That means cleaning and storing it properly.
Cleaning your gemstones
One important thing that should be taken as a rule is that all precious and semi-precious stones must be cleaned frequently. Good thing is you do not need any special appliances to clean them. Most stones respond well to the soap and warm water. Scrub them using a very soft brush. Avoid scrubbing too hard else you may end up scratching the stone. Rinse the stone and dry it with lint-free cloth. Always rinse your gem-studded jewellery in a bowl of water. Sometimes the stones on a piece of jewellery become loose in their settings. Rinsing them in a sink or wash basin poses a risk of losing such gems.
Things to Remember While Cleaning Your Gemstones
Almost all precious stones such as diamonds, rubies, emeralds, and others can be cleaned with mild detergent and water. But some stones are of a sensitive nature. For example, you shouldn’t soak soft stones like turquoise and amber for a long time in water as it may damage their polish and shine.
Make sure to wipe off any trace of makeup from your gemstone jewellery when you remove them after use. A soft pure cotton cloth is the best choice for wiping such jewellery. Do you have jewellery with organic gems, such as amber or pearl? Always use a soft cloth to wipe them clean.
Ultrasonic cleaners offer an effective way to clean your stone jewellery. But you should take a note that they are not safe for cleaning all kinds of stones. Some gemstones like moonstone and emerald are prone to damage when you clean them in an ultrasonic cleaner. Use it only when you are sure about how and which gemstones are safe to be cleaned in it. When you are unsure how to clean your precious stone jewellery, take them to a jeweller.
Storing your Gemstone
Not all of the gems have the same degree of hardness. For instance, diamonds are the hardest stones in the world followed by rubies and sapphires. Emeralds, topazes, and aquamarines come next in the hardness scale. Pearls and peridots are comparatively softer gems. On the hardness scale, they are only half as hard as a diamond or ruby.
That is why you should store your gems separately. If you store these jewellery together, your diamond rings may rub against your pearl bracelet and could damage it. The best way out is to store them in separate compartments of your jewellery box. You can even store them in different pouches. Keep in mind that some gems like opals and pearls draw moisture from the air. So, avoid storing them in safe deposit boxes. It is best to store such jewellery in a jewellery box with fabric lining.
Protecting your gemstones from sunlight and heat
The harsh sun can be harmful to not just your skin but your stone jewellery as well. Heat and light can impact a precious stone’s colour and durability. Direct sunlight can fade a lot of stones, including amethysts and smoky quartzes. Some gems like pearl and ivory run the risk of getting bleached due to sunlight. Heat can dry up the natural moisture of some gemstones. Sudden temperature changes and extreme heat can also cause a fracture in some gemstones. So, always take care to keep your gemstones away from sunlight and heat.
Keeping your gemstones away from chemicals
Chemicals can be very harmful to your gemstone jewellery whether it is made of gold, while gold, or platinum. And when we say chemicals, we don’t mean a bottle of sulphuric acid or hydrochloric acid. Even things you use every day can damage them. Such things include perfumes, hairsprays, cosmetics, lotions, etc. because they all contain chemicals in different amounts. So, it is important that you protect your gem-studded trinkets from your cosmetics box.
Make it a habit to wear your gem-studded earrings, bangles, rings, and necklaces as the last item. It should also be the first item that you remove. This will make sure that your gems do not come in contact with any kind of chemicals.
If you love swimming, make sure that you remove your jewellery before diving into a swimming pool. The chlorinated water can do a lot of damage to your stones.
Checking your Jewellery for loose stones
You really should do it regularly. The chances of these stones becoming loose in their setting are high. Losing one or more stones from your favourite platinum rings or gold necklaces is probably the last thing you want. Take it to a professional jeweller periodically and get them checked for loose settings and damaged prongs.
More don’ts of caring for gemstones
There are some more things that you must avoid doing in order to maintain the beauty of your gemstones. These include the following:
Do not wear your gemstone jewellery while gardening.
While travelling, do not carry your gemstones in a single box or pouch. Always carry them in separate cases. Keep them wrapped in jeweller’s tissue.
Gemstones are your precious possessions. They are the best heirlooms you can hand down to your children and grandchildren. Take proper care of them and they will last for generations.